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What is an HTML File?



  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • An HTML file is a text file containing small markup tags
  • The markup tags tell the Web browser how to display the page
  • An HTML file must have an htm or html file extension
  • An HTML file can be created using a simple text editor 

Example:-

<html>
<head>
<title>Title of page</title>
</head>
<body>
This is my first homepage. <b>This text is bold</b>
</body>
</html>

Example Explained

The first tag in your HTML document is <html>. This tag tells your browser that this is the start of an HTML document. The last tag in your document is </html>. This tag tells your browser that this is the end of the HTML document.
The text between the <head> tag and the </head> tag is header information. Header information is not displayed in the browser window.
The text between the <title> tags is the title of your document. The title is displayed in your browser's caption.
The text between the <body> tags is the text that will be displayed in your browser.
The text between the <b> and </b> tags will be displayed in a bold font.

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Use of HTML Quotation, Blockquote and Cite.

1. Quotation            In HTML for quotation mark you need to use <q>--</q> tag. The browser can understand the meaning of  <q> tag.
Syantax: <q> Sentence for quotation </q>
Example:<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE> HTML Quotation</TITLE>
<HEAD>
<BODY>

    <H1> Example of HTML quotation mark</H1>

    <H2><p><q>A complete tutorial of HTML with htmlrun.com</q>
    </p></H2>

</BODY>
</HTML>


Output:


2. Blockquote.        In HTML for blockquote you have to use <blockquote> tag. To make a block of any paragraph with just like a justify alignment in word.

Syntax:<blockquote> Large number of sentences </blockquote>
Example:<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<HTML>
<HEAD>
    <TITLE> HTML BLOCKQUOTE</TITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY>
<H1>Example of Blockquote</H1>

<BLOCKQUOTE>
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